Essay on Natural Resources Depletion

Resources that occur in nature without the intervention of man and are necessary for humanity to survive and grow are known as natural resources. They can be found all around us – the air, the sun, the soil and even underground minerals are all examples of natural resources that we need and use in one way or another. Below you will find essays on Depletion of Natural Resources. These Natural Resources Depletion essays vary in length and can help you in your examinations. Choose whichever essay you want to as per your requirement.

Essay on Natural Resources Depletion




The earth provides all the materials required for living beings to survive and thrive on this planet. Natural resources are what we call these materials. Some basic examples of natural resources are air, water, sunlight, soil, coal and oil.

Natural Resources in India

India is a country rich in natural resources of all types. In fact, it has the world’s second largest deposits of coal, the third largest deposit of manganese and the fourth largest deposit of iron. It also has the world’s second largest population of 1.35 billion people who need to utilize those resources to survive.

Depletion of Natural Resources

Any resource is depleted when we use it up faster than it can be replenished. Resources such as sunlight and wind are renewable. However, other resources such as fossil fuels, minerals and even water are non-renewable; they are being consumed faster than they can be replenished. As life spans and the population of the country have increased, the demands made upon these resources have become increasingly unsustainable.


India is diverse not only in its peoples and culture but also in the type of resources it has. Unfortunately, the sheer size of the population means that these resources are going to be exhausted soon. If we want to preserve the progress we have made we need to move away from non-renewable resources and turn our attention to renewable resources; otherwise the depletion of our natural resources will not only continue, but also escalate.



Natural resources are so important to us because the biggest fact is that global human and economic development cannot happen without them. As the global economy has grown, especially since the Industrial Revolution, our demand for these resources such as minerals, fossil fuels, water, wood and land have increased exponentially. Unfortunately, little has been done to regulate these demands, resulting in considerable over-exploitation. This, in turn, has caused not only depletion of the resources but also environmental damage to an unprecedented degree.

Facts and Figures

Over the past 25 years, global extraction of resources has increased fairly steadily. In 1980, the number was around 40 billion tons. In 2005, it had become 58 billion tons, an increase of about 45 percent.

Water may cover 70 percent of the earth but only 2.5 percent of that is fresh water. Most of that water is in the form of permanent icecaps and ice. Therefore, we actually have access to very little of the earth’s fresh water supply – an access that is increasingly being put under strain by the increasing population and pollution of most of the sources of fresh water. The UN has predicted that 1.8 billion people will be living in regions that will face water scarcity by 2025.

Oil is one of the most basic natural resources required for global development. However, at our current rate of consumption, it will run out in another 46.2 years. The same holds true for natural gas, which will run out in 58.6 years if we continue to use it at current levels.


These are only some facts about the depletion of natural resources. All the figures given here are dependent upon how much of these resources we use currently. The problem with this model of prediction is that with a global population that will hit 8 billion soon and will continue to increase afterwards, resources will be consumed faster. The fact is that unless we regulate the consumption of resources we are likely to run out of them much sooner than we realize.



Modern society uses a huge amount of natural resources, whether they are clean water or fossil fuels. However, our dependency on these resources is increasing but the actual amounts of the resources are decreasing because we are using them faster than they can be replaced. The ramifications of this depletion are being felt far and wide not only on an economic level but also on a socio-political level. We need to find solutions before these resources inevitably run out.

Reduce Fossil Fuel Dependency

When we generally talk about reducing fossil fuel dependency we tend to look at reducing the use of electricity, which is produced using fossil fuels, and gasoline. Therefore, individuals and organizations can both contribute to this reduction. Solutions such as carpooling, using energy star appliances, purchasing locally grown food that isn’t transported over long distances and using vehicles with higher mileage are all things that we as individuals can do. Organizations and governments need to start looking into alternative sources of energy such as solar and wind.

Clean Water

Water is seen as a renewable resource and since it is necessary to human survival, it is used extensively. However, the fact is that the world’s fresh water supplies cannot keep up with the increase in population. Add to this the pollution of fresh water bodies such as rivers and lakes and we have a massive problem. Individuals can contribute to resolving water depletion by ensuring that water leaks are promptly detected, tap water isn’t allowed to run unnecessarily and soaps and detergents that don’t pollute water are used. Industries need to invest in technology that takes care of toxic waste instead of merely dumping them in the closest water bodies.

Preserve Forests

We have managed to cut down half the world’s forest cover since industrialization, a state of matters that cannot be allowed to continue. Simply by using less paper, we can reduce the number of trees that are cut down annually for this purpose. Alternative materials for furniture and other items must be used. We also need to start planting more trees to replace the ones that are cut down.


These are some of the ways in which the problem of natural resource depletion can be tackled. Only a concerted effort by people, industries and governments will show appreciable results. It is time to think beyond profit and convenience. If we do not do so now, it will be too late when we do start.

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